Main Article Content
This paper provides an overview of the drug addiction treatment system in China, including its history, underlying principles, structure, and operations. The system consists of three key components: voluntary drug treatment, community-based treatment, and compulsory isolated treatment, with the last one as the most predominant form of treatment assigned to drug users with a heightened risk for antisocial behavior. The system adopts the model of actuarial justice and uses risk assessment to categorize drug users for effective management and control. The main objectives of the treatment programs are to maintain social order and promote social stability by subjecting drug users to continuous supervision and monitoring. With the exceptions of several developed regions, the governments throughout the country have not been able to provide adequate treatment services that meet drug users’ needs for community reintegration. However, despite the challenges it faces, the system has demonstrated the potential of addressing serious problems related to drug addiction.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Conrad, P., & Schneider, J. W. (2010). Deviance and medicalization: From badness to sickness. Temple University Press.
China National Narcotic Control Committee (2021). Annual drug use report 2010-2020. http://www.nncc626.com/index/ndbg.htm
Feeley, M., & Simon, J. (1992). The new penology: Notes on the emerging strategy of corrections and its implications. Criminology, 30, 449-474. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01112.x
Fischer, B., & Poland, B. (1998). Exclusion, ‘risk’, and social control—reflections on community policing and public health. Geoforum, 29(2), 187-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0016-7185(98)00006-2
Flacks, S. (2014). Risk, welfare and the treatment of adolescent cannabis users in England. British Journal of Criminology, 54(2), 281-297.
Li, S. D. (2014). Toward a cost-effective correctional system: New developments in community-based corrections in China. Victims & Offenders, 9(1), 120-125.
Li, W. J. (2017). Theoretical research and practice of anti-drug prevention and control. Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press.
Lu, L., Fang, Y., & Wang, X. (2008). Drug abuse in China: Past, present and future. Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 28(4), 479-490. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10571-007-9225-2
Liu, P. (2019). Drug control and grid management in Zhuhai, Guangdong. People's Rule of Law, 11, 94-95.
Miller, E. J. (2009). Drugs, courts, and the new penology. Stanford Law & Policy Review, 20, 417.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (2000). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (NIH Publication No. 00-4180). National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health.
Qian, H., Schumacher, J. E., Chen, H. T., & Ruan, Y. (2006). Injection drug use and HIV/AIDS in China: Review of current situation, prevention and policy implications. Harm Reduction Journal, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-3-4
Robert, D. (2005). Actuarial justice. In M. Bosworth (Eds.), Encyclopedia of prisons and correctional facilities (pp. 11-14). Sage.
Robinson, G. (1999). Risk management and rehabilitation in the probation service. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 421-433. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2311.00145
Sapio, F. (2010). Sovereign power and the law in China. Brill.
Simon, J. (1993). Poor discipline: Parole and the social control of the underclass,1980–1990. University of Chicago Press.
Sun, B., & Sun, X. (2014). The connection mechanism between compulsory detoxification programs and community-based rehabilitation programs in China. Chinese Criminal Justice,11, 78-82 (in Chinese).
The State Council of the People's Republic of China. (1979). Supplementary. Provisions of the state council for rehabilitation through labor. The State Council of the PRC.
The State Council of the People's Republic of China (1991). Decision on the prohibition of drugs. The State Council of the PRC.
The State Council of the People's Republic of China (1995). Regulation on compulsory rehabilitation. The State Council of the PRC.
Yao, J. (2012). Regulation on drug rehabilitation and new Chinese drug treatment system. Journal of Chinese People’s Public Security University, 5, 73-81 (in Chinese).
Yuan, X. (2019). Risk, risk assessment, and community corrections in China. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 63(14), 2466-2482. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624x19853118
Zhong, Y. (2010). Methadone maintenance therapy and community-based rehabilitation programs in China. Journal of Jilin Public Security Academy6, 76-79 (in Chinese).